What Is Blockchain Network Congestion?

By Bernard Ekal
8 Min Read
What Is Blockchain Network Congestion?
  • Blockchain network Congestion is a problem that is currently increasing in Blockchain technology, but what is Congestion?
  • Blockchain network Congestion occurs when huge volumes of transactions are taking place in Blockchain technology.

Blockchain technology is an advanced technology that supports cryptocurrency transactions. Blockchain is a decentralized ecosystem that records transactions and activities carried out in a ledger. Blockchain has a set of blocks that protects information recorded in a ledger. The Blocks are set together to protect the nodes, moreover, Blockchain technology assures that all information recorded in the ledger is distributed applications that are connected through Blockchain.

In this article, we will focus on what is blockchain network congestion, how blockchain congestion influences transactions and how to solve Blockchain congestion.

Transaction in Blockchain applications happens every day, transactions facilitate the usefulness of Blockchain technology. Blockchain network congestion is formed when transactions are delayed in the blockchain ecosystem. Blockchain congestion is compromised when the number of transactions outperforms the capacity of the network to hold the ongoing transactions.

To understand more about Blockchain network technology, we recommend you read this article.

Blockchain Network Congestion.

Blockchain network Congestion occurs when the number of transactions exceeds the ability of blocks to process new blocks. A lot of transactions are conducted in Blockchain technology, and the capacity of Blocks to withstand all of those transactions causes network congestion. The moment there are more pending transactions, Blockchain network congestion is observed in the system. But what initiate Block congestion? Blockchain network congestion is caused by the limited size and length of Blocks and the time it takes to come up with a new block. 

blockchain network congestion

Blockchain network congestion results when the number of transactions in Blockchain technology exceeds the capability of Blockchain to process and validate those transactions. The more transactions are conducted in the Blockchain technology, the harder it becomes for blocks to process those transactions, this results in blockage of the unconfirmed transactions in the pool.

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Blockchain network Congestions are easily noticed by individuals, Blockchain users understand when the processing of a transaction takes more time than it actually takes, the volume of transactions becomes more for the Blockchain ecosystem to handle. Moreover, the release of BRC-20 tokens on the Bitcoin Blockchain increased the transaction rate leading to BTC congestion.

Blockchain transactions are regularly done on the Blockchain application, when transactions increase the volume of transactions becomes greater. Additionally, increased usage and events that happen in the Blockchain network increases the Blockchain network congestion, which causes the system to delay leading to congestion. When Blockchain network congestion occurs in the ecosystem, everything becomes disruptive to its users. For instance, when Blockchain network congestion occurs, the transaction becomes expensive and less efficient to its users. Additionally, users may result in paying off extra money for their transactions to be completed first, this however leads to user experience troubles. 

Problems Of Blockchain Network Congestions.

Congestions in Blockchain technology have some consequences, the moment the transactions are delayed, cryptocurrencies are affected negatively. The negative consequences affect crypto investors, what are the consequences that congestion causes to investors and users in Blockchain technology? In this sector, we will be discussing the kind of problems that congestion causes.

Blockchain Network Congestion

Furthermore, congestion might lead to increased transaction fees. When transactions become more, and huge volumes of transactions are becoming excessive for the Blockchain system to validate, transactions become delayed leading to Blockchain network congestion. Miners are incentivized to prioritize transactions which leads to high transaction fees. Transaction costs led to users’ frustrations and made the system to be more expensive than the usual fee. 

Moreover, congestion leads to poor user experience. When transactions are delayed and fees recur more than usual, users become bored. This behavior leads to poor user experience, which might lead to less engagement in Blockchain technology. Besides, it reduces users’ usability and adoption of Blockchain.

You can read this article to understand more about the effect of Blockchain congestion.

Solutions to Blockchain Congestion.

The issue of congestion is a crucial topic that needs to be looked at, but how can we enhance the smoothness of Blockchain Networks? There are certain approaches that developers can improve to tackle the complexity of Blockchain technology.

By increasing Block size, we can decrease the congestion in the Blockchain network. By increasing the size of blocks there will be enough space to allow more transactions to take place. Moreover, there will be increased network throughput.  Additionally, developers can decrease the time which blocks take to process the transaction. When developers decrease the time blocks take to validate transactions, it will reduce congestion in the network. 

Another form to identify where there is congestion in the Blockchain network is through packet loss. Packet loss is when packets are dropped due to the ongoing congestion in the Blockchain technology. By monitoring the packet loss, developers will notice areas at which the congestion is taking place. This will reduce the blockage in the pool of unconfirmed transactions.

Another form of curbing of Blockchain congestion by introducing shredding into the Blockchain Ecosystem. Shredding involves splitting Blocks into smaller pieces and allowing transactions to be conducted in each block. Moreover, by introducing a layer 2 solution in the blockchain ecosystem. Layer 2 solution is an off-chain solution that processes transactions off the main chain and records the transactions on the on-chain. By employing this technology in Blockchain we ascertain its users that the congestion will be limited.

You can check this article out to understand the role of Shredding in blockchain.


Blockchain is gaining popularity each day, the technology is growing its roots all over the world attracting both investors and individuals. Therefore, large volumes of transactions should be expected, but congestion is dominating the Blockchain technology. Development should be made to enhance transactions in Blockchain. Although congestion is a surfacing challenge in Blockchain applications, developers are making developments to handle the issue.

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